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EER Calculating

How To Calculate Energy Efficiency Rating

Energy efficiency is a big topic these days, and rightfully so. The move to be more energy efficient has been upward trending for both environmental and financial reasons.

Obviously, when something is more energy efficient, it uses less energy to run.

Some things are more energy efficient than others. In fact, central heat and air units are more energy efficient than portable ones, but that doesn’t mean that you can’t be more energy efficient by using a portable air conditioner.

Portable air conditioners can be categorized by their energy efficiency rating, or EER. An EER is rather simple to calculate, but there are a few terms and measurements you should know before doing so, so we’ll cover those first.

BTU

Calculating energy efficiency for a portable air conditioner involves first knowing the BTU rating. BTU stands for British Thermal Unit, which is a way of measuring a portable air conditioner’s cooling output.

At its core, BTU represents the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 pound of water 1°F. In the case of a portable air conditioner, it refers to how many BTU’s per hour the unit can remove from the air around it inside a space, which is how the space is cooled.

Whynter ARC-14SH 14,000 BTU Portable Air Conditioner

A portable air conditioner with a high BTU amount is intended for use in a large area. Lower BTU units are for smaller rooms. Using a unit with the incorrect BTU amount will result in a room not cooled properly, whether you are using too big a size or too small.

Determining Your BTU Amount Needed

There is a simple method for calculating your own BTU needs.

An air conditioner needs approximately 20 BTU for each square foot of the space you are going to be using it in most often. Measuring the square footage can be done by multiplying the length of the room by the width.

For example, here are three standard room sizes, and the corresponding BTU amount needed to cool it properly -- and efficiently.

  • 300 square feet or less = 10,000 BTU
  • 500 square feet = 10,000 - 14,000 BTU
  • Over 500 square feet = 14,000+ BTU

Additional room characteristics such as ceiling size, sunlight amount, and any appliances giving of extra heat on a regular basis will need to be taken into consideration as well. Increase the BTU amount by 10% depending on these variables. We go over all of this in more detail here (link to Article 1)

So, now that you know what BTU is, it’s time to move on to the next term to know before calculating EER.

Wattage

This is pretty self-explanatory. Wattage, by definition, is a way to measure power, or the amount of power required to operate an electrical appliance or device. Wattage amounts on a unit are indicative of how many watts they consume when in use.

Saving Money with Portable AC

The less wattage used, the less energy used. So, in turn, you want a unit that will offer the best amount of BTU’s, while using the least amount of wattage in doing so.

Do The Math (It's Simple)

Now that you know the terms, it’s time to learn how to calculate EER.

A portable air conditioner’s energy efficiency rating is its BTU rating over its wattage consumed. You divide the BTU amount by the wattage.

Map of USA with Minimum AC Efficiencies

Example: A 12,000-BTU portable air conditioner consumes 1,400 watts, so its rating is 8.5 (12,000 BTU/1,400 watts).

The higher the resulting rating is, the more energy efficient the unit is going to be. These ratings are listed on the Energy Guide label found on all applicable products.

Why Energy Efficiency Ratings Matter

If you’re trying to lower your bills, the energy efficiency rating of your portable AC is really important.

As a whole, people in the United States spend over $11 billion annually to cool their homes, and that’s with just over 2/3rds of the country even having air conditioners.

So if you care about being green or saving on your utility bills, then you should always try to find appliances and devices that are as energy efficient as possible.

Reducing the load on your local power grid is beneficial to the environment, and can certainly add up over time in a good way.

While central heat and air units are more energy efficient overall, they can still run up your bills if they are constantly run to keep the home cool. If you don't use all of your home anymore, portable air conditioners can be the greener solution.

Another way portable ACs can help cut utility costs: Different parts of your home may have different cooling needs, depending on where they are and what they are for.

Let’s say you have a certain room in the home that has more windows, or is warmer due to having certain appliances constantly running. You are are relying on the bleedover from the air conditioning in the rest of the home to trickle over to that particular room.

This means you are turning the thermostat down to keep the central air on longer, just to cool down one room.

The end result is higher bills, and parts of the home that are uncomfortably cold, just to get that one room down to a desired level.

How a High EER Portable Air Conditioner Helps

With a portable air conditioner you can target that one room or area specifically, cooling it down to a desirable level, while the rest of the home remains the same. You get a cooler room, a more comfortable home, and lower bills.

The lowered bills aspect is made even better when using a unit that has a higher energy rating. The unit may cost more initially over a model with a lower rating, but you’ll end up saving money over the long run, making it all worth it.

Overall, a portable air conditioner can usually help your bills no matter what its rating is when used properly, but the higher EER model is going to save you even more.

About the Author Tom Hanson

HVAC technician in Phoenix, AZ for over 10 years.

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